Clinician Investigator Program
The Clinician Investigator Program in Anesthesia at the University of Toronto
The Department of Anesthesia at the University of Toronto is the largest Anesthesia program in Canada and likely the most prolific for research and education. The opportunities for discovery and innovation within our Department abound. The Clinician Investigator Program (CIP) provides a unique opportunity to applicants who are interested in pursuing a career as a clinician scientist, combining medical practice and research.
For additional information, please see the website of the Clinician Investigator Program at the University of Toronto.
The University of Toronto Clinician Investigator Program (CIP) is an accredited Postgraduate Training Program of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. It was the first fully accredited program in Canada and it is now the largest, with approximately 100 trainees enrolled. The Department of Anesthesia CIP graduates have contributed immensely to the advancement of our specialty and they now have faculty appointment at the University of Toronto or other large research-oriented universities in Canada.
The goals of the Anesthesia Clinician Investigator Program are:
- To support research training for anesthesia residents enrolled in a graduate degree program;
- To provide a postdoctoral research experience for anesthesia residents who already hold a doctoral degree
- To provide structured mentorship and career development to motivated candidates pursuing a career in academic medicine
Duration of the CIP Training
To achieve these goals and receive the Attestation of Completion of the Clinician Investigator Program, a minimum of 2 years of continuous, intensive research training must be undertaken. During the 2 years of research, the majority of time (at least 80%) must be devoted to research, but some time may be spent in clinical activities (i.e the equivalent of 1 day per week).
Up to one of the research years may also be credited to fulfil the Royal College accredited clinical program requirements with joint approval of the faculty CIP director and the program director. Therefore, the CIP will extend anesthesia residency training by only one year, to a total of minimum 6 years. Additional research training in all CIP pathways can be extended to allow completion of a PhD or other research experiences and will further extend training.
Goals and Objectives
The fundamental aim of the Royal College Clinician Investigator Program is to provide trainees with the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to embark on a successful career in health research. In most cases, further research training specific to the candidate’s field of interest will be required so that they can succeed as an independent investigator. CIP educational objectives comply with the Royal College of Physician and Surgeons of Canada CanMEDS competency guidelines.
- Communicates clearly with research participants, peers and other professionals to establish rapport, trust and ethical relationships.
- Effectively write research proposals, reports, grant proposals and manuscripts
- Effectively present work at lab meetings, research seminars, thesis advisory committee meetings, scientific meetings, and able to defend and discuss the presentation in an articulate and polished manner
- Participate effectively and appropriately in interprofessional research teams
- Form collaborative relationships within the scientific community
- Effectively work with others in research teams to prevent, negotiate and resolve interprofessional conflicts
- Demonstrate appreciation of social economic and biologic factors that impact health research
- Demonstrate advocacy for subjects, patients, populations, communities, as appropriate, including ensuring that research subjects have access to appropriate supports, information, and services
- Promote research knowledge translation to patients, populations, communities, other stakeholders, as appropriate
- Effectively and efficiently manage research project and resources (financial and materials)
- Manage experimental data recording and result interpretation appropriately in research endeavors
- Serve in administration and leadership roles, as appropriate to their research career
- Meet appropriate deadlines (funding, submission, REB, draft manuscripts to reviewers)
- Establish and maintain knowledge and understanding of general principles and fundamentals of research, including research ethics
- Establish and maintain knowledge and understanding of the specialized topics in the specific area of research
- Elicit, synthesize, and critically evaluate information and apply it appropriately to research
- Demonstrate overall competence in techniques required for the research project (i.e. experimental design, data collection and management, and analysis)
- Demonstrate overall competence in analyzing and interpreting the results of an experiment
- Consult appropriately for feedback on knowledge and performance
- Demonstrate commitment to profession, society, research participants, patients and collaborators through absolute objectivity, honesty, and adherence to ethical standards in the conduct and reporting of research
- Demonstrate commitment to ethical research practice, including demonstrating ethical conduct in the treatment of human and animal research subjects.
- Demonstrate a commitment to the application of exemplary bioethical standards to clinical practice and research in such areas as consent, confidentiality, conflict of interest, resource allocation, and research ethics.
Medical Research Expert
- Function effectively as a clinician investigator, integrating all of the CanMEDS Roles to function as a clinician and to conduct ethical research
- Seek appropriate consultation from others as required, recognizing the limits of their own clinical research expertise
- Effectively manages activities for career development, including integration of clinical and research activities
The Anesthesia Clinician Investigator Program is offered in two training streams:
1. The Graduate Stream, where applicants enroll in graduate (M.Sc. or Ph.D.) programs at the University of Toronto. CIP trainees can undertake research not only in laboratory and clinical biomedical research, but also in other health care related fields including education, health care economics, social, behavioural and information sciences, etc. Graduate Units at the University of Toronto that have participated in the program include Institute of Medical Science, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Public Health, Education, Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, Medical Biophysics, Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering and Physiology. For successful completion of this program, CIP trainees in the Graduate Stream must fulfill all the requirements for clinical Anesthesia specialty training, and also all the course and thesis requirements of the graduate degree program they are enrolled in
2. The Postdoctoral Stream is intended for anesthesia residents who already have a doctoral degree (Ph.D.) and are interested in undertaking a structured research program in a specialized area. Although the research training may be individualized, it but must be similar in content and rigor to a graduate school degree program. For Postdoctoral Stream trainees, completion of the research component means successfully attaining the specified research goals and objectives to the satisfaction of the CIP Committee.
Funding & Entry Pathways
Funding for CIP Training
Successful candidates will have the salary and tuition covered for 2 years of research. There are various sources of funding and once enrolled in the program, residents will be mentored and guided to find the best funding strategy for training.
The CIP trainees are encouraged to apply for external salary awards and grants to support their research training and enrich their portfolio.
CIP Entry Pathways
There are 2 entry pathways into the CIP:
1. Direct application to the CIP stream through CaRMS. This pathway is preferred because it secures a position in the CIP, it allows better planning of the research training and ongoing mentorship from the beginning of the postgraduate training. Please note that applying to the CIP stream will not negatively impact your application to the regular residency stream of our program, should you also apply. Candidates who apply to the CIP stream will ALSO need to apply to the regular residency stream to be considered if unsuccessful at CIP.
2. Residents who enter through the regular stream in the Anesthesia Training Program at the University of Toronto can still apply to CIP provided that there are available positions unfilled (only 2 CIP residents/year of training are generally available in the Department of Anesthesia). Generally, the application deadlines for residents already in the anesthesia program are May 1 for July 1 enrollment and November 1 for January 1 enrollment. CIP applications and instruction can be found on the UofT CIP website
All residents who are already accepted in the CIP stream have a position secured in the regular training program.